What Are Jellyfish stings And Its Causes?
Types Of Jellyfish:
- Box jellyfish (warm waters of the Pacific and Indian oceans) can cause intense pain and life-threatening reactions more common with this type.
- Portuguese man-of-war or bluebottle jellyfish (located in warmer seas) has a blue or purplish gas-filled bubble that acts as a sail. It keeps the fish afloat on the water.
- Sea nettle (common in both warm and cool sea waters) are abundantly found along the northeast coast of the US and the Chesapeake Bay.
- Lion’s mane jellyfish (the world’s largest jellyfish) are common in cooler, northern regions of the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. The body diameter of these fishes are over 3 feet (1 meter).
How Do Jellyfish stings Look Like?
- The potency of the venom and the type of the jellyfish.
- Depends on the season as the venom gets more stronger during some seasons.
- One’s age, general health, and size.
- Based on the extent of stung body surface.
- The number, size and location of the body where the jellyfish are stung.
What Are The Symptoms Of Jellyfish Stings?
- Shock and pain
- Swelling in the throat, mouth, lips, tongue, mouth, ears, neck, feet, eyelids, palms.
- In case the swelling interferes with airways, it may be more dangerous.
- difficulty breathing
- Stomach cramps
- Muscle cramps or spasm
- Joint stiffness
Procedure For First Aid or Home Treatment For Jellyfish Stings:
How To Treat Jellyfish Stings?
- Sores that are formed due to jellyfish stings may heal without treatment.
- For less severe cases, over-the-counter pain relievers or ice-packs can be used.
- Open sores have to be cleansed thrice a day and antibiotics are to be applied.
- Wounds formed due to jellyfish stings are to be cleansed at least thrice a day using antiseptic ointments.
- In severe cases, the affected person may be hospitalized and anti-venom may be administered for box jellyfish stings.
- Deep sores required medical treatment to prevent any further infection.
- A jellyfish sting near an eye needs immediate medical care for pain control along with eye flushing.
- In case of severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) of the body system, an emergency care is required.
How To Prevent Jellyfish Stings?
- Wearing a protective suit: A wetsuit or other protective clothing can help while swimming or diving in areas with high possibility of jellyfish stings. Stinger suits made of high-tech fabric as well as the protective footwear work well while wading in shallow water.
- Gathering a lot of information: Collect as much information as possible from the local residents, lifeguards or the health department officials before attempting to swim in the coastal waters where jellyfish are common. And prefer to stay away from the water when the jellyfish count is high in a few seasons.