Sexually transmitted diseases are the infections caused by sexual contact. These generally do not have any symptoms so they are more known as sexually transmitted infections. They are of varying strength and acuteness and overall 70% of people get it at least once in their lifetime. These are generally preventive under all circumstances and must definitely be under caution. For the degree to which it may impact not only us, but, generations ahead by making them susceptible. Let us know here, what are sexually transmitted diseases and how to prevent them.
The incidents of STD or sexually transmitted diseases are far more prevalent in teenagers and children. Which in itself is a serious concern. This can be attributed to the fact that children are poorly educated and unaware of the many diseases and infections from unsafe sex and other activities of sexual nature. Check when and how to give sex education to children. The bacteria or viruses are passed through sexual activities from one to another. Most of the times they are undetected until they take severe forms. Bacterial forms of sexually transmitted diseases include Chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis and viral sexually transmitted infections include genital herpes, HIV/AIDS and genital warts. Some of these STD’s or STI’s also spread by blood transfusion or parent to child.
How to Prevent Sexually Transmitted Diseases or Infections:
As a general proclaim it is by far advisable to not indulge in unsafe sexual activities. Not having sex in the first place is a well enough preventive measure that must be adopted by younger children and teens. A teenager or child must be made aware of the repercussions of having sex such early in their life. They may have to live with the consequences of early pregnancy or STD’s for the rest of their life.
2 Use latex condoms:
A fairly adopted practice which has a high percentage of prevention, but it is not 100% safe and preventive. But its proper usage ensures utmost prevention. Use them in the entire course of sexual activity for preventing diseases or conception. Also for overall hygiene a condom is a fair bet. Both male and female condoms are available and there are certain precautions to be taken care while using male condoms:
- Do not tighten it
- Do not tie it loose and falling off
- If the condom is put in the wrong way, discard and take a new one, as it may have been introduced sperms
- Do not cut or break while using
- Avoid oil based lubricants and they damage the condom
- If a condom is left in the vagina, Plan B of contingency medications must be taken for the chances of conceiving are high
There are ample vaccinations available for preventing STD’s like Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and some kinds of HPV. Before any form of sexual contact, a vaccination if administered is believed to be optimal. HPV has 3 doses and it is advisable to have them all administered before becoming sexually active. Hep B and HPV if not given during infancy must be given before becoming sexually active.
4 Avoid multiple partners:
As a simple rule, this must be promulgated and adopted well in practice. The more number of partners more are the chances of STD’s and even so from their own multiple partners it gets proliferated. But as a general practice, tests must be done for any probability of STD.
5 Mutual monogamy:
This is probably more for social norms and uplifting cultural values too. Be loyal to one partner and in return have the same agreement from the partner. Being in a long term sexual relationship with just one partner who is uninfected helps in preventing STD completely. Have an open conversation with your partner too. This helps in building strong and healthy relationships in addition to better lifestyle
6 Wash it before and after sex:
This probably is the most important part for any sexual activity involving sexual displays or touch. A proper hygiene must be adopted and this will not only be clean, but also prevent many infections.
Risk of unprotected sexual acts with infected person includes:
- Chlamydia : Most common STD, and usually no apparent symptoms occur. It can be treated with medications
- Crabs : Pubic lice
- Scabies : Itchy bumps and rashes
- Gonorrhea : Also called Clap or Drip
- Hepatitis B : A serious liver infection
- Herpes : Genital pain and sores
- HIV : A fatal disease where the body’s ability to fight infection reduces drastically
- HPV : Forms warts on the body
- Syphilis : From a painless sore it develops further
- Ureaplasma Infection: An yeast infection
- As a diagnostic test, it is done to determine the causes or symptoms.
- As a screening test, it is done to detect asymptomatic and pre-symptomatic infections.
- As a check to detect the partners are free from any STD, prior to any sexual activity.
- As a check to determine prior, during and post pregnancy to prevent impacts on child.
- As a text for blood donation.
The above compilation, ”What are sexually transmitted diseases and how to prevent them” is based on spreading awareness for the very painful and unruly infections which are not only physiological damages but also psychological and emotional upheaval too. We must, at every instance, ensure utmost precaution and prevention, for, these diseases are fatal in severe cases. Be sure to adopt a loyal and rich lifestyle and do not indulge in one night stands or passing affairs. This is more for the health and wellness than for your fun or recreation. Every child must be given proper sex education and awareness about STD’s.
Be sure to keep a healthy and fit life, for there is nothing more than a stable physiological and emotional life. Be safe and keep getting screening and diagnostic tests to prevent any infection.
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