It is heart-touching to see a wailing baby. If your little one is exhibit wailing outbreaks every now and then, colic may be a reason. Colic problem generally subsides when the baby turns 4 months. Until then parents may have to try a few tips to calm their colicy babies. Read through this HealthSpectra post to understand the causes, tips and treatment for colic in babies.
What Is Colic?
Colic is crying episodes of babies for more than 3 hours a day, 3 days in a week, or 3 weeks in a month. During this time, it gets extremely hard to control wailing babies. Normal healthy babies too may develop colic.
Causes For Colic In Babies:
No definite cause or reason could be associated with colic. Some problems linked to colic include:
- Food allergies or intolerance to certain foods taken by the mother while breastfeeding.
- Gastroesophageal reflux in the little one that causes sharp pain in the tummy.
- Possibly ingesting a lot of gas by the baby when crying and while feeding.
- Accumulation of gas, causing a dull stomach ache and discomfort.
- Response to stress like light and environmental factors, make them more prone to colic.
- Mother who smokes during breastfeeding or pregnancy produces colic babies.
Note: Colic may also be due to some health issues in babies. In such cases, other symptoms help identify the condition.
Symptoms Of Colic In Babies:
- Inconsolable crying: Almost at a particular time of the day, most infants get colicky. The timing generally would be between six in the evening and the mid night. The cry is so very inconsolable that the littleone refuses to get pacified and refuses to take a feed. Baby seems to cry for no apparent reason. The baby cries out loud in high pitch.The littleone shoes no signs or attempts to settle down.
- Frequent burping: Tensed abdomen, frequent burping, flushed face are the physical signs. As he burp, the baby’s face turns reddish.
- Posture changes: Changes in postures like clenching fist, curling legs or arching the back may be considered as the colic symptoms. These are evident when colic is due to the gastroesophageal reflux.
A doctor may help parents deal with colic. Visit your pediatrician if the baby exhibits colic with the following conditions:
- Wails higher than usual
- Vomitings or diarrhea are seen
- Fever more than 100 degree centigrade
- Trouble breathing
- Weakness and appetite loss
- Change in feeding or the sleeping schedule of the infant
A doctor can diagnose and assess the severity of the condition and can check for any other associated health issue.
How Is Colic Diagnosed?
One or more of these ways help a pediatrician diagnose the condition.
- He would look out for medical history or any chronic illness or the time when the baby exhibits crying episodes.
- He may conduct a physical examination to understand and look for the signs of anomalies that lead to pain and discomfort.
- An x-ray or ultrasound may be needed to assess the underlying problem or rule out any other possible conditions.
What Is The Treatment For Colic?
Colic needs to be treated if it is caused due to some ailment. Below are many ways to treat colic, based on the underlying cause.
- Colic drops or gas relief medications: These drops are often used to relieve excess gas in babies. Gripe water helps prevent gas formation. However, consult your pediatrician before going for any remedies.
- Hydrolyzed-protein formula: The hydrolyzed protein formula, as suggested by the doctor, may help digest easily compared to the regular formulas. So, many times non-milk based formulas are suggested to babies developing colic due to milk allergies.
- Probiotics rich in good bacteria: Probiotics help keep the digestive tract healthy as they help with digestion and can be a booster of good bacteria. They work by reducing the abdominal discomfort such as gas formation. According to a study conducted by the American Academy of Pediatrics, the use of probiotics offer relief even in young nursing babies.
Doctors consultation is required before using any over-the counter drops for colic in babies.
How To Prevent Or Soothe Colic In Babies?
Quick tips to soothe or cure colic in babies include:
- Rocking and swaddling the babies help them calm down.
- Correct temperature and gentle motion help soothe.
- Parent my trying lying the baby down on the knees and gently move the legs.
- Natural sounds and soft music may also help distract baby.
- A warm bath before bedtime may also help if the littleone turns colicky during nights.
- Upright placement of the babies prevent refluxing of the food content.
- Changes in mother’s food habits and lifestyle may also help.
Note: Colic in babies is a temporary condition and hence required to keep cool and try calming the littleone.
Colic is one of the factors that contributes to stress in mother, according to a study by the American Academy of Pediatrics. It may lead to a mother-infant distress syndrome. Seek a family members help to deal with it effectively. Help baby learn self soothe. Nevertheless, do not jolt or shake the infant as it may lead to abusive head trauma and the delicate brain may get damaged. Follow HealthSpectra posts to be informed and live healthy.