The formation of brown spots on your face is a sign of aging of the skin. These brown spots, therefore, also called as age spots. These age spots can be also be in black as well as gray in color. The condition of age brown spots is also known as sun spots, solar lentigines, senile lentigo as well as liver spots. Brown spots on face is not considered a major health problem, however it is a sign of aging skin which you should be aware of. The formation of brown spots on your face is a sign of aging of the skin. These brown spots, therefore, also called as age spots. These age spots can be also be in black as well as gray in color. The condition of age brown spots is also known as sun spots, solar lentigines, senile lentigo as well as liver spots. Brown spots on face is not considered a major health problem, however it is a sign of aging skin which you should be aware of.
What are causes of brown age spots?
Brown spots on skin forms due to excess production of melanin or skin pigmentation. Doctors still are not able to find the exact cause of brown spots on face, skin aging, UV light exposure, sun exposure can be the possible causes of formation of brown spots. The age or brown spots will appear most likely on your body parts which receives major sun exposure such as your face. Other body parts where brown spots can appear are,
- Back of the shoulders
- Upper back area
People of any gender, age or race can develop brown age spots. However, according to the experts, certain people can develop the brown spots on face or other parts of the body of suffering with risk factors given below.
- Having fair skin
- Having or had major sun exposure
- Having or had frequent tanning bed use
- Have crossed 40 years of age.
Some of the major symptoms of brown spots includes,
- Age spots of brown or black color
- With the same structure of the rest of your skin.
- Painless spots
- Appeared on the parts of the body which exposed to the sun normally.
How do you remove brown spots from face
Although sometimes it is not at all possible to remove brown spots on your body, following some treatments along with natural remedies may help in reducing these spots from the body. Most of the times brown age spots does not require any treatment. These spots does not causes any health problems as well. Here we have listed some of the major treatments to reduce brown spots from the body.
How do you get rid of brown spots
- Prescribed medicines
Consulting with doctor about the issue may result into him prescribing some bleaching creams to reduce the spots. These medicines includes, hydroquinone with or without retinoids. These bleaching creams may take few months to reduce age spots. It is also important to wear sunscreen throughout the treatment. However, it is important to keep in mind that use of bleaching creams may result into becoming of your skin sensitive to UV damage.
- Medical procedures
There are various medicinal therapies are available on how to get rid of brown spots. All these therapies also cause various side effects as well as complications. It is important to consult with your doctor about these therapies to remove brown spots on face. Various medical procedures to get rid of age spots are,
- Laser treatment to eliminate skin cells which produces melanin
- Use of certain chemicals to remove outer layer of skin and allowing to produce new one.
- Dermabrasion, which also removes the outer skin.
- Cryosurgery, freezing of age spots with the help of liquid nitrogen.
Home remedies for brown spots on face
Various natural home remedies can also work in fading of all the brown age spots on the face. We have listed some of the major home remedies which you can try to reduce age spots.
- Aloe vera
Aloe vera, a great skin and hair remedy is also effective on reducing the brown spots on face especially those caused due to the exposure to the sun.
Take out aloe vera gel and rub it on the the brown spot. Leave it for few minutes and then wash and rinse it off with the help of water. To get better benefits try this treatment at least two times everyday.
Buttermilk is a great skin exfoliant. Along with eliminating the skin blemishes it also helps in removing brown spots and keeps the skin moisturized.
Dip a cotton ball in the buttermilk and apply it directly on the brown spots. Leave it for few minutes. Rinse it off with the help of lukewarm water. You can also add lemon juice in the buttermilk.
To get most of the benefits you should also try mixing buttermilk with tomato juice.
- Apple cider vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is also helpful in providing various skin benefits and is highly useful in treating range of skin diseases including brown spots. Apple cider vinegar helps in drying of the brown spots.
Make a mixture of apple cider vinegar and water in equal amounts. Apply the mixture on the brown spots for few minutes. Rinse and wash it off with the help of lukewarm water.
- Castor oil
Castor oil contains anti-inflammatory as well as healing properties which helps in reducing the the brown spots along with various other age spots.
Dip a cotton ball in oil and apply it on the brown spots. Leave it off for 2-3 hours. For best results, you can also add vitamin E oil, almond oil as well as coconut oil.
Do this treatment every night before going to bed.
Apart from reducing brown spots horseradish is also useful in brightening the skin due to its lightening properties.
Make a paste of it and apply it on your brown spots. Leave it for 10-15 minutes before rinsing it off with the help of water. Repeat this treatment for 3 times a week or till the brown spots gets reduced to significant level.
The anti-aging as well as antiseptic properties of sandalwood makes it a perfect ingredient in various creams to remove brown spots. You can use sandalwood oil or mix it with other helpful oils such as almond oil, olive oil.
You can also sandalwood with mixing it with lemon or orange juice. The presence of vitamin E helps in keeping the skin firm and prevents sagging of it. Just mix sandalwood in lemon or orange juice and apply the mixture on your face. Before rinsing it off with water leave it for at least 30 minutes.
Is it possible to prevent the age spots?
As mentioned earlier as well you cannot prevent or remove brown spots on face or anywhere in the body. However, you can reduce the chances of getting age or brown spots through following the methods given below.
- Try not to get under the sun from 10am to 3pm when the sunrays are most intense.
- Always apply sunscreen with UVB as well as UVA protection along with Sun Protection Factor or SPF of at least level 15.
- Wear sunscreen before at least 30 minutes of sun exposure. Apply it again after every two hours or more if you are swimming or perspiring.
- Always use protective clothing such as pants, hats or long sleeved shirts. This will help in protecting you from UV rays. You can also choose various UV blocking protecting clothes with Ultraviolet Protection Factor or UPF of lever 40 or 50.
By Prajakt K.