Asthma causes, symptoms, management and treatment

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Asthma attack

Asthma is a lung disease that makes breathing difficult. When you feel the problem in breathing and Chest tightness, long term cough, whistling sound in your chest while breathing, then it is the sign of asthmatic infection or the chances of contracting it in the future is high. Proper treatment can help to overcome asthma attack.

AsthmaAsthma is a long term chronic disease. A Chronic disease that is long lasting in its effect or a disease that comes with time. When the disease last for two or three months, then it is chronic disease that cannot be cured, but diagnosed once then it can be controlled and you may improve your further life. Asthma, cancer, diabetes and viral diseases are the most common chronic diseases that are found in most of the people. If these diseases are diagnosed in the early stages then it can be controlled.

Asthma causesAsthma can become deadly if left untreated. This disease involves the bronchial tubes in the lungs. Air to come in and out of the lungs through the bronchial tubes. If you have asthma your bronchial tubes are always inflamed and the muscles are swollen. This makes it difficult for air to move in and out of the lungs, causing symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, chest tightness.

The number of people diagnosed with asthma are increasing all over the world. This disease is increasing more among children. For the last 8 years around 50% has increased with this disease.

allergies If any of the family members suffers from asthma or allergies or have a family history, then there are more chances of developing asthma. Depending on the symptoms, different types of asthma are like allergic asthma, occupational asthma, genetic asthma, childhood asthma, etc. People working in cigarette factories, manufacturing place, flour mills are prone to occupational asthma. Occupational asthma is caused by inhaling fumes, gases, dust or other potentially harmful substances while on the job. It is harmful only when they work in that location while on the job. Smoking also leads to asthma.

Common symptoms of asthma:

• Cough (during night, early morning, laughing)
• Sneezing
• Chest tightness
• Whistling sound While inhaling and exhaling
• Fatigue
• Vomiting suddenly after eating

symptoms of asthmaSome develop other problems such as an ear, chest or sinus infection and sometimes even joint pains. When all these symptoms occur at late night while sleeping, in the early morning, while laughing or crying, during physical activity like dance, run, play, then the chances of having asthma are high.

If you find all these symptoms, it will be good to immediately consult a doctor. Go for an allergy test as asthma is firstly an allergic disease.

Diagnosis

DiagnosisYour doctor can diagnose by asking about the problems which are facing for the last few days, behavior with others, medical and family history, observe the normal and physical activities. After all the observance, will have to undergo various tests for allergy, X-rays, etc. Based on the test results, the level of asthma will be determined, that is, at which stage asthma is and what treatment should start with.

Management

ManagementAsthma is not a curable disease instead it is a controllable disease. The best way to control this disease is to know the allergic reasons or asthma triggers and follow the allergic instruction to get rid of and take the medicine at the proper time. For controlling asthma the patient has to go through long term treatment which includes weekly consultation and allergy test. Medicines include steroids, which the patient has to inhale. The inhalation dose is strictly prescribed by the doctors. Exceeding the dose can be dangerous for health. With proper treatment and a plan, you can come over this disease and enjoy your life.

By: Shaveta Kandhari