Dengue fever is an infection, which takes place due to mosquitoes and can cause severe fever as well as various other health problems. The diseases, which caused due to the viral infection, spread due to Aedes Mosquito. The common symptoms of dengue can be ranged from mild to severe category. The severe symptoms, such as Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS) or Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF), may require admitting in the hospital.
It is important to note that currently there are no vaccines, which can treat the problem of dengue fever. Therefore, it also becomes highly important to diagnose the disease before its getting converted to the condition of DSS or DHF. According to the statistics, around 400 million people fall prey to the problem of dengue every year.
Dengue fever, which is more common in developing countries in Africa and Asia, is comparatively rare in developed continents such as America and Europe.
Here, we have provided you the information about the problem of dengue along with its causes as well as symptoms. Read on to get additional information about how to treat and prevent the problem of dengue.
What are the Early Symptoms of Dengue Fever?
Some of the major symptoms of the mild dengue fever are as follows
- Aches in muscles and joints
- Appearance of body rash
- High fever
- Pain behind your eyes
- Nausea and vomiting
- Severe headache
This symptom can disappear in a week after proper medication. The problem of mild dengue symptom usually does not carry any serious complications.
Symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever
The condition of mild fever may start becoming and worse and may cause more severe symptoms. Sometimes, there also may be the incidents of severe internal bleeding. Some of the major symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever are as follows.
- Damage to blood vessels and lymph nodes
- Weak pulse
- Sensitive stomach
- Internal bleeding which can cause black stools, feces, and vomit
- The appearance of small blood spots under your skin.
- Low platelets in blood
- Clammy skin
It is important to provide immediate treatment to the problem of DHF as it can prove life threatening.
Symptoms of Dengue Shock Syndrome
This is one of the severe forms of dengue, which is also life threatening. In this condition, along with all the symptoms of mild dengue fever, you may also face some of the symptoms listed below.
- Heavy bleeding
- Regular vomiting
- Severe pain in stomach
- Dropping of blood pressure
Due to the lack of treatment, the problem of dengue shock syndrome can also prove deadly.
What are the causes of dengue viral fever
According to the experts, the problem of dengue fever can be caused due to four different viruses. All these viruses are spread in the species of mosquitoes, known as Aedes Aegypti as well as Aedes albopictus, although the virus is highly in mosquitoes of this species.
It has been claimed that the virus is derived from monkeys and then got transferred to the humans around 100 to 800 years back. However, it was not considered as the major disease till the twentieth century.
The most common reason of spreading this mosquito is that the mosquito gets infected by biting an already infected person and then the same mosquito starts to bite others. The species of Aedes aegypti, after originating from Africa, found in the tropical areas all across the globe. The mosquito is most likely to be found in the tropical areas which are highly close to the human population.
It is also possible that you are experiencing the problem of dengue fever more than once in your life. It is also important to note that the second infection due to the problem of dengue fever can cause higher risk and prove highly dangerous.
There are some of the regions, where the problem of dengue fever is more common. These areas include Central and South America, Africa, few parts of Asia, Caribbean, tropical areas as well as the Pacific.
Some of the high risk areas of the infection of dengue are,
- The Caribbean
- South and Central America
- Northern Australia
- Tropical parts of Asia such as Bangladesh, Indonesia and parts of China.
Even though the problem of dengue fever is more common in rural areas, this can also cause in both rural as well as urban areas, according to the result, which got published in 2011.
Dengue fever diagnosis
The diagnosis of the dengue fever is highly difficult as the symptoms of the fever is highly are associated with malaria as well as typhoid. This is also one of the major problems in the diagnosis of the disease at the earliest.
Most of the times, doctor depends on the assessment of the patients along with medical and the travel history. Some of the blood tests can also be done to confirm whether it is an infection of dengue fever or other.
Dengue fever treatment
As the dengue is a virus, there is no specific treatment as well as a cure for the disease. Most of the times, the treatment for dengue is completely based on the severity of the disease.
As the treatment can only be given to the milder forms of the disease, some of the major treatments for the diseases are as follows,
Prevention of dehydration
It is highly important to rehydrate yourself and drink bottled water than the tap water. This is helpful in keeping the body hydrated even after vomiting and or high fever. Re-hydration also helps in restoring all the lost fluids as well as minerals in the body.
Painkillers such as paracetamol or Tylenol
Consumption of some of the effective painkillers help in providing relief from pain and helps in lowering the intensity of fever.
Some of the more serious forms of dengue require additional care as well as treatment. These treatments include,
Fluid supplementation through IV (intravenous) or drip if the person finding it difficult to consume the fluid by mouth.
Patients experiencing the condition of severe dehydration may need to opt for blood transfusion.
It is important to avoid any anti-inflammatory or non-steroidal drugs like aspirin, ibuprofen should not be consumed in the condition of dengue fever as it contains the risk of increasing the infection even more and may also cause the problem of internal bleeding.
It is necessary to monitor the patient in the hospital properly in case the symptom starts to worse.